Kenya’s Child Market – Lure Sell and Dispose

The following research is a first phase within a wider project that focuses on the prevention of child trafficking in Kenya. The research findings are to guide HAART’s prevention efforts that aim at reducing the vulnerability of children towards human trafficking, the research also provides recommendations for public and private sector of tackling the problem of child trafficking. The research questions are: What is the current state of child trafficking in Kenya?, What is the level of awareness in Kenya on child trafficking in schools and orphanages, together with institutions capacity to prevent the children being victims of human trafficking?, What is the decided content of educational manuals on human trafficking in Kenya? Data for this research was collected from various stakeholders located in Nairobi and its environs in late 2014 and during the year of 2015.

Highlights

  • Children are trafficked to exploitative practices mostly from low-income and rural areas to urban areas and the coastal region
  • Children are most often recruited through deception by someone known to the child
    Labour and sexual exploitation and early marriage are the most common forms of child trafficking in Kenya
  • Children are also trafficked for begging and selling items on streets, organ removal and illicit adoption. There are also incidents of children being trafficked for terrorism and trafficking of drugs
  • Marginalized children are categorized as risk groups; such as orphans, street children, children lacking educational opportunities and children living in poverty
  • Awareness – a key component in counter-trafficking. Lack of awareness of human trafficking and children’s rights in communities, among children and their guardians, raises the risk of children being trafficked remarkably
  • Government should, with the support of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), provide training for stakeholders and staff in every institution that cares for children regardless of the potential risk of the children
  • Human trafficking should be included into the National Curriculum of Kenya
  • Teacher’s Manual and Handout for children should ensure the children are made aware of child trafficking, children’s basic human rights, how children can protect themselves and what to do if suspecting trafficking and/or being trafficked

 

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