”Human Trafficking in Kenya” (2014) is an extensive report by National Crime Research Centre to offer detailed information about human trafficking in Kenya. The report examines the prevalence, main types and forms of human trafficking and different factors contributing to the trafficking. It also studies the socioeconomic profiles of both victims and recruiters, survival methods of victims and survivors, and also looks into the facilitators and networks, sources, transit routes, modes of transportation and destinations of victims. In addition, the report includes information about the payment costs involved, the socio-economic effects of human trafficking as well as intervention strategies and their effectiveness. The report also presents the biggest challenges faced in preventing and combating human trafficking and offers possible solutions and best practises in order to succeed.
The report has been done using both quantitative and qualitative methods.
Some of the key findings are:
- External trafficking is most prevalent form of trafficking in Kenya.
- Most common type of trafficking is for labour, followed by child trafficking and trafficking for prostitution.
- 84% of respondent indicated awareness of human trafficking.
- Victims of trafficking are children, women and men whose socio-economic profiles include low income, poverty, illiteracy, unemployment, wish for a well paying job, domestic violence and social exclusion.
- Poverty and unemployment are main factors contributing to human trafficking.
- In majority cases (40%) the recruiter is a relative.
- Recruiters socio-economic profiles show that they are middle and high income earners, generally respected and influential individuals in society.
- Most internally trafficked people come from rural areas (70,5%) whereas in external trafficking majority come from urban areas (42,2%).
- Transportation by road is mostly used in internal trafficking, while flying is the most used way of transportation in external trafficking.
- In external trafficking, most victims are taken to Middle East (44,5%) and also to other African countries (32,9%).
- The study found that effectiveness of intervention strategies used to address human trafficking were not working.
- The biggest reasons why human trafficking continues as a strong business despite the different interventions in place, are poverty, unemployment and corruption.
- Corruption is the biggest challenge in preventing and combating human trafficking.
- Best solutions for tackling these challenges are taming corruption and creating jobs/ offering loans to the youth.