To prevent human trafficking, it is firstly important to understand why human trafficking exists in Kenya. HAART is therefore engaged in understanding human trafficking through research. HAART has already been involved in conducting several research projects and are continuing to monitor new research that is published in Kenya. We collect trafficking cases that help us learn under what circumstances people are trafficked, how it happens, who are behind it, where it happens and who the victims are.

Although there is a urgent need for much more research, what we know now is that almost anyone in Kenya can become a victim of human trafficking. There is a great desire among Kenyans to improve their livelihoods and situations. Traffickers exploit the lack of awareness of desperate people with offers of good jobs abroad and internally, catering for school fees and in some cases abduct people and especially children. It is especially people in the impoverished rural areas, peri-urban settlements and slum areas who are targets for traffickers. Women, children, refugees and orphans are especially vulnerable. Traffickers have people in the slums, refugee camps and rural communities who recruit on behalf of agencies and criminal syndicates.

The Nairobi metropolitan area is a hub of trafficking. People are trafficked to, from and through Nairobi. Often, unaware inhabitants meet victims of trafficking and the traffickers, but due to lack of awareness, they ignore the situation of the victims, or even ostracize them. Most trafficking victims are also not aware that they have been trafficked.

HAART has conducted hundreds of workshops in Nairobi and its environs to raise awareness about human trafficking. We explain what human trafficking is, discuss case stories and how to avoid becoming victims of trafficking.